ARMED FORCES OF NEPAL

The Royal Nepalese Army is comprised of the Ground Forces and the Air Force (Air Force). The Supreme Commander is the king, who exercises leadership on the recommendation of the National Defense Council, chaired by prime ministers. The general leadership of the army is exercised by the minister of defense, the immediate leadership is by the commander-in-chief, appointed on the proposal of the prime minister.

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According to the 1991 constitution, the army is prohibited from intervening in internal conflicts within the country, except by order of the National Security Council (SNB), appointed by the government. For the first time, permission to use separate military units in operations against the Maoists was given in April 2000. After the declaration of a “state of emergency” in November 2001, the entire Royal Nepalese Army was deployed against the Maoists.

The total strength of the armed forces is (2001) about 46 thousand people. The ground forces (46 thousand people) include 11 brigades (7 infantry, royal guards, special forces, artillery, engineering), 44 separate infantry companies, and an air wing. Armed with combat reconnaissance vehicles, field artillery guns, mortars, anti-aircraft artillery installations. The Nepalese Air Force (215 people) became formally independent from the ground forces in 1979, but in fact remains under their control and does not play a significant role. There are no combat aircraft and helicopters. The army is recruited by recruiting volunteers.

Units of the Nepalese army are part of the UN peacekeeping forces in Bosnia, Haiti, Lebanon, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Croatia. Tens of thousands of Nepalese are employed by the armed forces of Great Britain and India.

In addition, there are paramilitary police units (about 40 thousand people). In March 2000, the Armed Security Forces were formed as part of the police force to fight the Maoists.

Armament and military equipment of foreign production. The main military supplier is India and Western countries. Military budget $ 29 million (2000).