There are dozens of non-governmental youth, women and trade union organizations in the country.
The Nepal Congress of Trade Unions (NCP) is a trade union association close to the Nepal Congress, founded in 1947 with the aim of fighting for workers’ rights. The ideology of the NKP was based on the principles of democracy, nationalism and socialism. After being banned in 1960, the NCP organizations were re-established only in 1990. The NCP enjoys the greatest influence among white-collar workers – financial officers, journalists and corporate employees. Includes 20 branch trade unions. The number is 200 thousand members. The Congress of Trade Unions is part of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.
The General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (WWFU) was founded on July 20, 1989 by four trade union associations close to the Communist Party of Nepal (united Marxist-Leninist): Nepal Independent Workers ‘Union (NIWU), Nepal Independent Transport Workers’ Association (ITWAN), Nepal Independent Hotel Workers Union ( NIHWU) and Nepal Trekking Workers Association (TWAN). On March 14, 1998, a small faction split from GEFONT to form the Independent Confederation of Nepalese Trade Unions (ICONT). This association was associated with the CPN (ML). It enjoys the greatest influence among agricultural workers, workers in the textile industry, transport, tourism and the service sector. Includes 16 branch trade unions. Number – 310.5 thousand members.
The Democratic Confederation of Nepalese Trade Unions (NPCT) was founded on August 14, 1997 as a result of a splinter from the Nepalese Trade Union Congress. Works closely with the Nepalese Congress (Democratic). It enjoys the greatest influence among workers in the transport and service sectors. Includes 18 branch trade unions. The number is 50 thousand members.
In addition to the three main confederations, there are other trade unions associated with small political parties but not registered by the Department of Labor: the All-Nepal Congress of Trade Unions, controlled by the Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Center – Torch); Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (NTUF), affiliated with the Nepal Communist Party (Democratic); Nepalese Trade Union Center (NTUC), close to the Nepal Communist Party (Marxist); The Nepalese Democratic Free Trade Union (ANDFTU), affiliated with the National Democratic Party; Nepalese Revolutionary Workers’ Union (NRWU), led by the Nepal Workers’ and Peasants’ Party.
There are also a number of public associations under the influence of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), including: All Nepal Peasant Association (revolutionary), All Nepal Women’s Association (revolutionary), All Nepal Students ‘Association (revolutionary), All Nepal Teachers’ Association (revolutionary) and All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (revolutionary). The Nepalese in India have established the promo-Maoist All-India Society of Nepalese Unity, the All-India Association of Nepalese Students, the All-India Association of Nepalese Transport Workers and the All-India Association of Nepalese Youth.